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[Argument理论指导] Argument 结尾写作技巧

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我的未来不是梦 发表于 2015-4-29 14:46:32 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
同样是受ARGUMENT作文平实、稳健风格的限制,ARGUMENT的结尾样式也应简单。 一般也有三种形式:
一、客套式
同客套式开头一样,客套式结尾也由两部分组成。首先,礼节性地肯定题目中的推理;然后指出该论证推理中的问题。请看下面这篇ETS提供的6分ARGUMENT范文的结尾(全文请 参见本书附录七):
The argument for safety gear based on emergency room statistics could provide important information and potentially saves lives. Before conclusions about the amount and kinds of investments that should be made in gear are reached, however, a more complete understanding of the benefits are needed. After all, a false confidence in ineffective gear could be just as dangerous as no gear at all. 本段中的第一句完全是客套,随后的几句则概括了题目中的推理存在的主要问题
二、提出希望、建议式
这样的结尾只是简单地指出题目中推理/论证的问题,并给出如何改进的希望和建议。il 看下面这篇ETS提供的6分ARGUMENT范文的结尾(全文请参见本书附录7 ):
The paragraph given merely scratches the surface of what must be said about this University ii order to entice students and to convince them that this is the best place to obtain a quality education Much more work is needed by the public relations department before this can be made into a four color brochure and handed out to prospective students.
这种形式的结尾还可以更简单(一句话就行了),比如:
Only after evaluating all the facts might students strongly agree that the University of Claria is one of the best universities in the world.
三、没有结尾段
ARGUMENT作文可以没有结尾段。在将题目中的推理/论证的缺陷和谬误一一陈述清楚 之后,文章也就戛然而止。大家可参看本书附录7中ARGUMENT部分的范例一,其中的那篇 5分作文就没有任何结尾段。
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