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[雅思阅读集训营] 模拟剑 10 Test 1 Passage 2 集训

明媚太阳花 发表于 2015-4-21 17:51:49 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 cassie 于 2015-8-11 11:36 编辑

剑 10 Test 1 Passage 2 集训

you should spend about 20 minuteson Questions 14-26, which are based onReading Passage 2.
LessTelevision, Less Violence and Aggression

Cuttingback on television, videos, and video gamesreduces acts of aggression among schoolchildren, according to a study by Dr.Thomas Robinson and others from the Stanford University School of Medicine. Thestudy, published in the January 2001 issue of the Archives ofPediatric and Adolescent Medicine, found that third- and fourth-gradestudents who took part in a curriculum to reduce their TV, video, and videogame use engaged in fewer acts of verbal and physical aggression than theirpeers. The study toot? place in two similar San Jose, California, elementaryschools. Students in one school underwent an 18-lesson, 6-month programdesigned to limit their media usage, while the others did not. Both groups ofstudents had similar reports of aggressive behavior at the beginning of thestudy. After the six-month program, however, the two groups had very realdifferences. The students who cut back on their TV time engaged in six feweracts of verbal aggression per hour and rated 2.4 percent fewer of theirclassmates as aggressive after the program.
Physicalacts of violence, parental reports of aggressive behavior, and perceptions of amean and scary world also decreased, but the authors suggest further study tosolidify these results.
Althoughmany studies have shown that children who watch a lot of TV are more likely toact violently, this report further verifies that television, videos, and videogames actually cause the violent behavior, and it is among the first toevaluate a solution to the problem. Teachers at the intervention schoolincluded the program in their existing curriculum. Early lessons encouragedstudents to keep track of and report on the time they spent watching TV orvideos, or playing Video games, to motivate them to limit those activities ontheir own. The initial lessons were followed by TV-Turnoff, an organizationthat encourages less TV viewing. For ten days, students were challenged to gowithout television, videos, or video games. After that, teachers encouraged thestudents to stay within a media allowance of seven hours per week. Almost allstudents participated in the Turnoff, and most stayed under their budget forthe following weeks. Additional lessons encouraged children to use their timemore selectively, and many of the final lessons had students themselvesadvocate reducing screen activities.
Thisstudy is by no means the first to find a link between television and violence.Virtually all of 3,500 research studies on the subject in the past 40 yearshave shown the same relationship, according to the American Academy ofPediatrics. Among the most noteworthy studies is Dr. Leonard D. Eron’s, whichfound that exposure to television violence in childhood is the strongestpredictor of aggressive behavior later in life—stronger even than violentbehavior as children. The more violent television the subjects watched at ageeight, the more serious was their aggressive behavior even 22 years later.Another study by Dr. Brandon S. Centerwall found that murder rates climb afterthe introduction of television. In the United States and Canada, murder ratesdoubled 10 to 15 years after the introduction of television, after the first TVgeneration grew up.
Centerwalltested this pattern in South Africa, where television broadcasts were banneduntil 1975. Murder rates in South Africa remained relatively steady from themid-1940s through the mid- 1970s. By 1987, however, the murder rate hadincreased 130 percent from its 1974 level. The murder rates in the United Statesand Canada had leveled1 off in the meantime. Centerwall’s studyimplies that the medium of television, not just the content, promotes violenceand the current study by Dr. Robinson supports that conclusion. The Turnoff didnot specifically target violent television, nor did the following allowanceperiod. Reducing television in general reduces aggressive behavior. Eventelevision that is not “violent” is more violent than real life and may leadviewers to believe that violence is funny, inconsequential, and a viablesolution to problems. Also, watching television of any content robs us of thetime to interact with real people. Watching too much TV may inhibit the shillsand patience weneed toget along with others without resorting to aggression. TV, as a medium,promotes aggression and violence. The best solution is to turn it off.

Question 14-20
Complete the summary usingwords from the box below. Write your answers in boxes 14-20 on your AnswerSheet
Astudy that was published in January 2001 found that when children (14)_____ less, they behaved
less (15)_____ . Students in a California elementary school participatedin the study, which lasted
(16)_______ .By the end of the study, the children’s behavior had changed. For example, the
children’s(17)______ reported that thechildren were acting less violently than before. During the
study,the children bept a record of the (18)______ theywatched TV. Then, for ten days, they (19)
_______ .Near the end of the study, the students began to suggest watching(20)  .

eighteen days
six months
nonviolent programs
time of day
watched TV
number of hours
avoided TV
favorite programs

FALSE                     ifthe statement contradicts the passage.
TRUE                      ifthe statement is true according to the passage.
NOT GIVEN                 if there is no information about this in the passage.
21           Only one study has found aconnection between TV and violent behavior.
22          There were more murders in Canadaafter people began watching TV.
23           The United States has moreviolence on TV than other countries.
24           TV was introduced in South Africain the 1940s.
Questions25 and 26
For each question, choose the correct letter fK-D and writeit in boxes 25 and26 on your Answer Sheet
25          According to the passage,
A  only children are affected by violence on TV.
8  only violent TV programs cause violent behavior.
C  children who watch too much TV get poor gradesin school..
D watching a lot of TV may keep us from learning important social skills.
26          The authors of this passagebelieve that A some violent TV programs are funny.
B the best plan is to stopwatching TV completely.
C it’s better to watch TVwith other people than on your own.
D seven hours a week of TVwatching is acceptable.




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