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[GMAT阅读题讨论] PREP2012阅读第6篇第5题

icetong123 发表于 2015-1-9 11:16:15 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly understood. However,
theory and limited research suggest that the process through which such plans emerge may
play a part. In particular, top management decision-sharing—c0nsensusoriented,
team-based decision-making—may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their
plans, because those involved in the decision-making may be more committed to the chosen
course of action, thereby increasing the likelihood that organizations will subsequently
adhere to their plans.
However, the relationship between top management decision sharing and adherence to plans
may be affected by a strategic mission (its fundamental approach to increasing sales revenue
and market share, and generating cash flow and short-term profits). At one end of the
strategic mission continuum, “build" strategies are pursued when a firm desires to increase
its market share and is to sacrifice short-term profits to do so. At the other end, “harvest"
strategies are used when a firm is to sacrifice market share for short-term profitability and
maximization. Research and theory suggest that top management decision-sharing may
have a more positive relationship with adherence to plans among firms with harvest
strategies than among firms with build strategies. In a study of strategic practices in several
large firms, managers in harveststrategy scenarios were more able to adhere to their
business plans. As one of the managers in the study explained it, this is partly because
“typically all a manager has to do [when implementing a harvest strategy] is that which was
done last year.” Additionally, managers under harvest strategies may have fewer strategic
options than do those under build strategies; it may therefore be easier to reach agreement
on a particular course of action through decision-sharing, which will in turn tend to promote
adherence to plans. Conversely, in a “build" strategy scenario, individual leadership, rather
than decision-sharing, may promote adherence to plans. Build strategies—which typically
require leaders with strong personal visions for a future, rather than the negotiated
compromise of the team-based decision—may be most closely adhered to when implemented
in the context of a clear strategic vision of an individual leader, rather than through the
practice of decision-sharing.

The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. identify some of the obstacles that make it difficult for firms to adhere to their strategic
business plans
B. compare two different theories concerning why firms adhere to or deviate from their
strategic plans
C. evaluate the utility of top management decision-sharing as a method of implementing the
strategic mission of a business
D. discuss the respective advantages and disadvantages of build and harvest strategies
among several large firms
E. examine some of the factors that may affect whether or not firms adhere to their strategic




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