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[GMAT阅读题讨论] PREP2012阅读第10篇第4题

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icetong123 发表于 2015-1-9 12:01:43 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Many scholars have theorized that economic development, particularly industrialization and
urbanization, contributes to the growth of participatory democracy; according to this theory,
it would seem logical that women would both demand and gain suffrage in ever greater
numbers whenever economic development expanded their economic opportunities. However,
the economic development theory is inadequate to explain certain historical facts about the
implementation of women's suffrage. For example, why was women's suffrage, instituted
nationally in the United States in 1920, not instituted nationally in Switzerland until the
19705? Industrialization was well advanced in both countries by 1920: over 33 percent of
American workers were employed in various industries, as compared to 44 percent of Swiss
workers. Granted, Switzerland and the United States diverged in the degree to which the
expansion of industry coincided with the degree of urbanization: only 29 percent of the Swiss
population lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants by 1920. However, urbanization
cannot fully explain women's suffrage. Within the United States prior to 1920, for example,
only less urbanized states had granted women suffrage. Similarly, less urbanized countries
such as Cambodia and Ghana had voting rights for women long before Switzerland did. It is
true that Switzerland's urbanized cantons (political subdivisions) generally enacted women's
suffrage legislation earlier than did rural cantons.
However, these cantons often shared other characteristics— similar linguistic backgrounds
and strong leftist parties—that may help to explain this phenomenon.


The passage states which Of the following about Switzerland's urbanized cantons?
A. These cantons shared characteristics other than urbanization that may have contributed
to their implementation of women's suffrage.
B. These cantons tended to be more politically divided than were rural cantons.
C. These cantons shared with certain rural cantons characteristics such as similar linguistic
backgrounds and strong leftist parties.
D. The populations of these cantons shared similar views because urbanization furthered the
diffusion of ideas among them.
E. These cantons were comparable to the most highly urbanized states in the United States
in their stance toward the implementation of women's suffrage.

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