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[GMAT阅读题讨论] PREP2012阅读第3篇第2题

icetong123 发表于 2015-1-8 17:34:30 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 icetong123 于 2015-1-9 10:19 编辑

Two recent publications offer different assessments of the career of the famous British nurse
Florence Nightingale. A book by Anne Summers seeks to debunk the idealizations and
present a reality at odds with Nightingale's heroic reputation. According to Summers,
Nightingale's importance during the Crimean War has been exaggerated: not until near the
war's end did she become supervisor of the female nurses. Additionally, Summers writes that
the contribution of the nurses to the relief of the wounded was at best marginal. The
prevailing problems of military medicine were caused by army organizational practices, and
the addition of a few nurses to the medical staff could be no more than symbolic.
Nightingale’s place in the national pantheon, Summers asserts, is largely due to the
propagandistic efforts of contemporary newspaper reporters.
By contrast, the editors of a new volume of Nightingale's letters view Nightingale as a person
who significantly influenced not only her own age but also subsequent generations. They
highlight her ongoing efforts to reform sanitary conditions after the war. For example, when
she learned that peacetime living conditions in British barracks were so horrible that the
death rate of enlisted men far exceeded that of neighboring civilian populations, she
succeeded in persuading the government to establish a Royal Commission on the Health of
the Army. She used sums raised through public contributions to found a nurses’ training
hospital in London. Even in administrative matters, the editors assert, her practical
intelligence was formidable: as recently as 1947 the British Army's medical services were still
using the cost-accounting system she had devised in the 1860's.
I believe that the evidence of her letters supports continued respect for Nightingale's
brilliance and creativity. When counseling a village schoolmaster to encourage children to use
their faculties of observation, she sounds like a modern educator. Her insistence on
classifying the problems of the needy in order to devise appropriate treatments is similar to
the approach of modern social workers. In sum, although Nightingale may not have achieved
all of her goals during the Crimean War, her breadth of vision and ability to realize ambitious
projects have earned her an eminent place among the ranks of social pioneers.

According to the passage, the editors of Nightingale’s letters credit her with contributing to
which of the following?
A. Improvement of the survival rate for soldiers in British Army hospitals during the
Crimean War
B. The development of a nurses’ training curriculum that was far in advance of its day
C. The increase in the number of women doctors practicing in British Army hospitals
D. Establishment of the first facility for training nurses at a major British university
E. The creation of an organization for monitoring the peacetime Irving conditions of British




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